Ocean Hermit – sailing, solitude and stories

My plans to retrace Captain Cook's unfinished voyage have been postponed a year while I work on the next Marine Diesel Basics book and get my new boat SV Oceandrifter ready for sea.

September 18th – important date for Canada and for James Cook

surrender_of_montrealSeptember 18th  1768  French surrendered their garrison at Quebec on the St. Lawrence river and effectively handed over Canada to the English. The formal end of the Seven Years’ War (in French-speaking Canada known as the War of the Conquest) did not come for another three years.

The last French governor-general of New France, Pierre François de Rigaud, Marquis de Vaudreuil-Cavagnal, surrendered to British Major General Jeffrey Amherst on 8 September 1760.



In French-speaking Canada, it is known as the War of the Conquest, while it is called the Seven Years’ War in English-speaking Canada (North America, 1754–1763),


September 8, 1760 – British General Sir Jeffery Amherst and Sir William Johnson with their force of 20,000 troops, march from Lachine through Nazareth Fief (the name used for Griffintown at this time), through the Recollet Gate and into the walled city of Montreal, where the Pierre de Vaudreuil signs letters of capitulation surrendering Montreal and New France; Vaudreuil asks that his 2,000 soldiers be allowed to march out of the city with their guns and banners; Amherst refuses, and that evening, the flag of England replaces the fleur-de-lis at the Place d’Armes; the Chevalier de Lévis burns his battle flags to save his troops from the humiliation of surrendering them to the English; beginning of the Regime Militaire, as Frederick Haldimand assumes the governorship; end of the French and Indian War (the Seven Years War continues in other parts of the world until February 10, 1763) The British will agree to give the French fair treatment, including freedom of worship, freedom to trade furs on an equal basis with the British, freedom of emigration and continued property rights. Montréal, Québec

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This entry was posted on October 26, 2016 by in Uncategorized.
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